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The Classroom Use Exemption 17 U.S.C. §110(1) applies only to nonprofit educational institutions and allows faculty and students to “perform or display a work” in a face-to-face classroom setting.  This exemption applies to the following situations:

  • The performance must be face-to-face in the classroom 

  • The performance must support the course’s learning objectives and not be for recreational purposes

  • If the performance involves showing a movie or other audiovisual work, the copy must be lawfully made

This exemption does not apply to photocopies made for classroom distribution.  Fair use may be considered in such situations.



Course print and electronic reserves provide access to supplementary materials in support of Bellin College’s curriculum; reserve materials are not intended to replace the need for required textbooks.  Only required articles should be placed on reserve.  It is recommended that a bibliography be created for any additional readings.  If there are a substantial number of articles or if you are unsure if you are in violation of the guidelines below, please consult the library to determine a solution for your course needs.

Bellin College observes the fair use guidelines set forth by 17 U.S.C. § 107

Materials from a copyrighted work will not be placed on reserve unless Bellin College faculty, Library or other departments of Bellin College possesses a lawfully-obtained copy of the work.

Items that may be placed on reserve:

  • Items in the public domain
  • U.S. Government publications
  • Items with a Creative Commons or other Open Access license (review license for details)
  • Articles licensed by the library using links rather than PDFs (consult librarian for details)
  • E-book chapters using links rather than PDFs (consult librarian for details)
  • Material available legally on the Internet may normally be linked to (check web site’s linking policy), rather than scanned or digitally copied
  • Entire book, video, DVDs, and CD-ROMS owned by library, Bellin College, or Bellin College faculty (print reserve only)
  • Student papers with permission from the student
  • Copyrighted materials that meet fair use.  The Fair Use Checklist should be used for the analysis(Go to Fair Use tab). 

Items that may not be placed on reserve:

  • Copyrighted items that do not meet fair use (Go to Fair Use tab)
  • Consumables (ex. workbooks)
  • Anthologies of readings compiled by Bellin College faculty
  • Books, videos and articles obtained through interlibrary loan
  • More than one article from a journal issue
  • Multiple chapters from a single book  

Access to Electronic Reserves:

Access to items on electronic reserve will be limited to students registered in the course, course faculty, and the library staff.  At the end of the course, access to the reserve materials will be terminated.  Notice will appear in the electronic reserve service and on items included in the service to indicate that the copying of materials may be subject to copyright law.

Reserve Procedures:

  • Five working days are needed for the library to place items on reserve
  • Materials submitted for reserve must include complete bibliographic information
  • Proof of copyright permission, if applicable, must be submitted to the Hendrickson Library along with the materials
  • Fees incurred to secure copyright permission will be paid for by Bellin College
  • The librarian reserves the right to return items that do not adhere to the aforementioned guidelines
  • Items placed on print reserve will be returned to the faculty at the end of the semester

Requesting Permission:

Permission should be obtained from the copyright owner, if the work you would like to use is protected and your use is determined not a fair use or is beyond the scope of any license agreements.  When in doubt about a particular use, it is best to obtain permission. Repeated use of an item will require permission per each re-use.

All employees, in collaboration with the librarian, will be responsible for securing copyright permission.  Permission is obtained by contacting the copyright holder.  Information on how to secure copyright permission is oftentimes available on the publisher’s web site.  Additional questions regarding the permission process may be directed to the librarian.  Sometimes royalty fees are charged.  The library will cover the charge until it becomes cost prohibitive.  Once copyright permission has been obtained, proof of that permission will be kept with the requesting faculty and in the Hendrickson Library.



The best way to make articles available to your students is by providing links within your course page. 


It is best to provide links rather than posting downloaded files such as PDFs.  In most cases providing the PDF would be a violation of our license agreements and put our access at risk.

It is also important to check the vendor’s terms of use for specifics.  For example, links to articles from Harvard Business School (HBS) publications cannot be posted without special permission.  This stipulation is posted on each article.


Copying the URL for a journal article/book chapter from your browser’s address bar when accessing the library’s licensed database/resource oftentimes will not provide your students with a useable link.  Persistent links, sometimes referred to as permanent, durable, or stable links must be used. The persistent links must also be appended with the Bellin College proxy URL to ensure access for offsite students.


Finding the persistent link varies among vendors.  Below are instructions on how to find the persistent links from some of the library’s vendors


Linking Instructions

ClinicalKey and ClinicalKey for Nursing

  1. Contact librarian


  1. Click on article title.
  2. Click of Permalink located under Tools on the right side of screen
  3. Copy URL


  1. Copy the URL from the address bar


  1. Click on article title
  2. Click Email Jumpstart under Tools
  3. Copy URL


  1. Copy the URL from the address bar


  1. Copy the URL from the address bar






How to add the proxy URL to the persistent link?

To complete the URL, you must preface it with the Bellin College proxy URL:


Example of a URL that is ready to post on your course page: